The 20th Century Asian Pear has large ugly dark marks that occur in different locations on only some of the leaves. To retain moisture and suppress weeds, consider putting down a three-inch layer of mulch. Harvest Dates. You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. Or make the task easy by filling it with premixed raised bed soil, like Vermont Organics Raised Bed Recharge available from the Home Depot. Juicy, sweet, mild-flavored fruit is crisp like apple. If so, then it’s harvest time! Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. Fill the container with gardening soil that’s one part topsoil, one part well-rotted compost, and one part peat moss. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. The recipe calls for ‘Bosc’ pears, which you can easily substitute with sliced P. pyrifolia. These robust trees have a vertical growth habit. Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. Maybe you know them as apple pears, papples, or nashi pears, but whatever you call them, the fruits of the Pyrus pyrifolia tree are delicious. Each hole will need to be the same depth as the root ball and twice as wide. Planting: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. blooms in spring, filling the air with fragrant white flowers. The first thing you need to do before you bring your trees home in the spring or fall is to select the perfect location. Their resistance to If it feels dry, give the tree a thorough watering. Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. Most popular Japanese cultivar that is semi-self fertile but bears better with a pollinator. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. China, Korea, and Japan are the main commercial exporters of the fruit, but it’s also grown in the United States in California, Oregon, and Washington, thanks to those early immigrants. I’d love to hear your stories or questions in the comments section below. Originated in Japan in 1900, the cultivar is also called 'Nijisseki'. Botanically, it is a true pear. Unlike European pears (P. communis), Asian varieties don’t turn soft and mushy when ripe. Or, plant a dwarf or standard-sized cultivar straight into the ground for a beautiful and tasty addition to your landscape. 20th Century (Nijisseki) - This is the best flavored and most popular Asian pear in Japan and California.It originated in Japan in about 1900 and was responsible for the high popularity of pears in Japan. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. Laura also writes novels and holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. If you happen to spot eggs or larvae before they do too much damage, you can try releasing moth egg parasites (Trichogramma spp. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these Deciduous tree. There’s nothing sadder than watching cervids snack on fruit trees. In my opinion, the best way to eat an Asian pear is fresh off the tree. The tree has a medium growth rate and can be pruned to keep Codling moths lay tiny translucent eggs on the leaves. It is healthy and thriving well with my other Asian Pears. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. The 20th Century Asian pear tree produces the unique apple pear. Chinese miners and railroad workers planted seeds in California during the Gold Rush, and additional cultivars from Japan arrived with Japanese immigrants starting in the 1890s. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 1935. Crisp like an apple, the 20th Century is a mild-flavored and juicy sweet Asian pear that is wildly popular in Japan and California. With its round apple shape and juicy-sweet butterscotch flavor, this variety is the one most commonly found in grocery stores (when you can find them!). Also known as Nijisseiki, 20th Century pears are one of the most popular Japanese pear varieties in the world and are known for their crisp, juicy flavor. Peel them, core them, and slice them into halves or into smaller pieces. pears for those of us that don’t live in warm regions. Century are alternaria black spot, fire many fungal issues makes them especially great for gardeners in cooler, wetter COPYRIGHT © 2020 ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Even in the case of self-pollinating cultivars, cross-pollination leads to much bigger harvests. living in what was then, Yatsuhshira in Japan. many of the Asian pear varieties. Self-fruitful or pollenized by Shinseiki, Bartlett, or other pear or Asian pear. I dream of traveling to Japan and China someday, to sample their expertly grown P. pyrifolia fruits. They are also sometimes called P. serotina. Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. A pear tree can grow to 20 feet tall, but you can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it. Make a hole in the soil that’s as deep as the root ball and just a smidge wider. 20th Century is a small, easy to grow, heavy bearing tree. moth. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Its popularity was at its peak in the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in Kakunosuke had passed … Fruit tends to ripen in early August. Most other varieties require cross-pollination. You can conduct a soil test to determine the pH and nutrient balance of your soil and amend accordingly. When and How to Harvest Homegrown Potatoes, 5 Reasons Your Pumpkin Vine Isn’t Blooming, How to Grow and Care for Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily), 7 of the Best Companion Plants to Grow with Chard, How to Protect Sunflowers from Birds and Squirrels, How to Grow Raspberries: Enjoy Berries for Years to Come, Bees, birds, flies, wasps, and other pollinators, Aphids, codling moth, deer, moose, twospotted spider mites; bacterial canker, crown rot, fire blight, powdery mildew, Early-blooming ‘Shinseiki’ and ‘Yoinashi’, Mid-blooming ‘Ichiban Nashi’ and ‘Shinsui’, Choose a location with full sun or partial afternoon shade if you live in Zones 8 or 9, Fertilize every spring with a 10-10-10 (NPK) fertilizer.
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